After all, it is not the particular person of Socrates which is at issue here, but the activity of Philosophy itself. Some scholars, in fact, have argued that Plato was engaged in a much different project: So far, this was the huge vote anyone would have expected.
Because the Athenians did not have an authoritative book comparable to the Bible for Christians and Jews or the Koran for the followers of Mohammed, it was customary to consult the local divinities concerning matters of importance that could not be settled by ordinary means.
Above all, I shall be able to continue my search into true and false knowledge; as in this world, so also in that; I shall find out who is wise, and who pretends to be wise, and is not. Recognizing his ignorance in most worldly affairs, Socrates concluded that he must be wiser than other men only in that he knows that he knows nothing.
And if I am to estimate the penalty justly, I say that maintenance in the Prytaneum is the just return. He also warns the jurymen who voted against him that in silencing their critic rather than listening to him, they have harmed themselves much more than they have harmed him.
Certainly Meletus was foolish to suppose the judges would not be aware of his mistake. But I shall be asked, Why do people delight in continually conversing with you?
Arguments could be made for including both Nietzsche and Wittgenstein in this camp. Socrates notes that he could have won his case if he had appealed to their emotioins i.
This is a great proof to me of what I am saying, for the customary sign would surely have opposed me had I been going to evil and not to good. For no one knows whether death be not even the greatest of all blessings to man, but they fear it as if they knew that it is the greatest of evils.
The judge must not grant justice as a favor but to render judgment according to the law. Everyone else is working for their improvement.
As a public official, in order for him to fight for what he believed was right, he would have been opposed by the many, who would put him to death and thus make it impossible for him to do any good. By the goddess Here, that is good news! He has shown his whole self in the public through discussion.
In either case, he is guilty of no crime and ought not be punished. So too with divine things: While serving as a soldier, he remained at his post of duty under circumstances in which his own life was in great danger.
And now I depart hence condemned by you to suffer the penalty of death, and they, too, go their ways condemned by the truth to suffer the penalty of villainy and wrong; and I must abide by my award - let them abide by theirs.
One reason for rejecting them was the fact that the gods were credited with immoral acts of a type that would never be tolerated among human beings. Or does he insist that Socrates is an atheist and does not believe in any god at all?
Chaerephon is dead himself, but his brother, who is in court, will confirm the truth of this story. On one hand, he denies having any kind of specialized knowledge, and on the other hand, he makes assertions such as "the unexamined life is not worth living" and "no one ever knowingly does wrong.The Apology At the trial for his life in BC, Socrates defense is recounted in Plato's Apology.
Here Socrates appeared, despite his lengthy defense, not to acquit himself from all accusations, but rather to deliberately ensure that he would be found guilty and thus condemned to death.
The Apology of Socrates purports to be a reconstruction of the defense speeches in Socrates’ trial in B.C. on charges of ‘corrupting the youth’ and ‘believing in gods which the State does not recognize’. Socrates - Plato’s Apology: Although in none of Plato’s dialogues is Plato himself a conversational partner or even a witness to a conversation, in the Apology Socrates says that Plato is one of several friends in the audience.
In this way Plato lets us know that he was an eyewitness of the trial and therefore in the best possible position to write about it. Jul 19, · Socrates did not regret for having conducted by the defense.
He would rather die with the defense than to live with other people. Neither in court of law or any man continue to escape death by any means possible. Summary The Apology is believed to be the most authentic account that has been preserved of Socrates' defense of himself as it was presented before the Athenian.
Socrates' Defense How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was - such was the effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth.Download