An analysis of the process of preparing the dead in ancient egypt and greco roman era

If the deceased was wealthy enough a priest donning a mask of Anubis would preside over the ceremonies to ensure proper passage into the next realm.

The two ancient civilizations hoped that through their intricate actions the individual would be protected and prepared for their many experiences on "the other side. Burial practices aside one can note an interesting difference between these two ancient civilizations. One of the practices overseen by the priest was the placing of a special funerary amulet over the heart.

Essay/Term paper: Burial practices of the ancient egyptian and greco-roman cultures

A conglomeration of reading material ensured a successful passage; The Pyramid Texts, The Book of the Dead, and the Coffin Texts all aided the lost soul in their journey through Duat into the Fields of the Blessed. Many times if a prominent person passed away the family and servants would willfully ingest poison to continue their servitude in the next world.

These two cultures differ in a multitude of ways yet similarities can be noted in the domain of funerary services. Also placed on the pyre were items that the deceased held dear in life with the hope that they would follow him into the next world.

This was done in behest to secure a successful union with Osiris and their kas. Right after death, not too dissimilar from the practices of the Egyptians, it was necessary for the persons to carefully wash and prepare the corpse for his journey. When all the funerary rites had been done, the next step was to mark the spot of the deceased.

It was vital for all persons to receive a proper burial and if they did not they were dammed to hover in a quasi-world, somewhat of a "limbo" between life and death. The family members and religious figureheads of the community did just about everything in their power to aid the deceased in the transition to a new life.

In the realm of Egyptian afterlife, The Book of the Dead can provide one with vital information concerning ritual entombment practices and myths of the afterlife.

One particular method used by the Egyptians was an intricate process known as mummification. The community made sure the chamber was furnished with "everything necessary for the comfort and well-being of the occupants. Many of the funerary practices of the ancient Greco-Romans were also done with a specific purpose in mind.

If the body was not already West of the Nile it was transported across it, but not before the drying process was initiated. They believed that after one became Osirus, They would move into a new world, which was nice, no one had to work, and everything was very clean.

Consequently, they did return and Elpenor passed into the next world. When someone died, an eternal part of them their ba would also slip out and seek out the individuals spiritual twin their ka in order to unite with it and facilitate a successful passage.

Some of the most important things that the deceased would need to have at his side were certain spells and incantations.

When Odysseus wishes to contact Tiresias, he comes across Elpenor, one of his soldiers.

Remains of Graeco-Roman temple discovered near Egypt's Siwa Oasis

The Egyptians had a positive outlook. Other sample model essays: Just about every thing the embalmers and burial practitioners did during the process was done for particular reasons. The dead Achilles summed everything up by saying to Odysseus, "Do not try to make light of death to me, I would sooner be bound to the soil in the hire of another man, a man without lot and without much to live on, than rule over all the perished dead.

Another practice used by the Egyptians to aid the departed soul involved mass human sacrifice. In order to survive in the afterlife, the deceased "is also presented with a small coin which came to be known as the ferrying fee for Charon.

It was not unheard of for an individual to have a figure for every day of the year to ensure an afterlife devoid of physical exertion. The additional handouts I received from Timothy Stoker also proved to be useful in trying uncover vital information regarding the transition into another life.

Differences can be observed concerning how amicable the afterlife was. This particular man fell in a haphazard fashion to his death on the island of the Kimmerians, but did not receive a proper burial and was stuck in limbo.

There is a part in Book eleven of the work in which Homer specifically addresses proper burial rites.

It also acted as a type of "purge valve" for any ba which may have been unjustly disturbed in the tomb. Candyland or not, both cultures went to extremes in order to guarantee a successful voyage into the next world. Most likely he was buried in the same fashion other members of his society were; a pyre was probably constructed and the body placed upon it.

Elpenor begged Odysseus and his men to return to the island and care for his body. The Egyptians also were concerned with the ability of the deceased to speak in the next realm; this is exemplified in one of the most important spells in The Book of the Dead, the opening of the mouth.

If the deceased was called to work in the Elysian fields he would call upon one of the statues to take his place and perform the task for him.“The Greeks believed that at the moment of death the psyche, or spirit of the dead, left the body as a little breath or puff of wind.

The deceased was then prepared for burial according to time-honored rituals.”. In Egypt, and particularly ancient Egypt, there was a lack of cultivatable land and so the early Egyptians chose to bury their dead in shallow pit-graves on the edges of the desert, where the heat of the sun and the dryness of the sand created the natural mummification process.

Even this natural process produced remarkably well preserved bodies. Ancient Egyptian and Greco-Roman practices of preparing the dead for the next cradle of humanity are very intriguing.

Ancient Egypt, optimistic school of thought continued into the Roman Era.

The main Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome. Visualizing the Afterlife in the Tombs of Graeco-Roman Egypt Lost in Egypt’s honeycombed hills, distanced by its western desert, or rendered inac. Ancient Egyptian and Greco-Roman practices of preparing the dead for the next cradle of humanity are very intriguing.

These two cultures differ in a.

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Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions 11 () – Demonology during the Late Pharaonic and Greco-Roman Periods in Egypt Rita Lucarelli Book of the Dead Project, Bonn University, Germany Visiting Scholar at the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW), New York .

An analysis of the process of preparing the dead in ancient egypt and greco roman era
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