An introduction to the social penetration theory irvin altman and dalmas taylor

Men often refrain from expressing deep emotions out of fear of social stigma. In service industry, compared with securing new customers, maintaining long-term relationships with existing customers is more cost-effective.

Since there are risks and there is usually more uncertainty about whether the person on the other side of the computer is being real and truthful, or deceitful and manipulative for one reason or another there is no possible way to build a relationship. The relationship then will slow considerably, and future intimacy is less likely to happen.

Therefore, a Japanese person may not self-disclose nearly as much or as enthusiastically as, say, a French person.

Irwin Altman

Some of the key findings are described as follows. Therefore, this personalized form of communication acts more as a maintainer of a relationship and is not to be necessarily taken as a sign that a couple is moving upward or downward in their relationship trajectory. However, even if a relationship is unhealthy, a person might choose to remain in it because it is better than what they perceive the real world to be.

For instance, on a first date, people tend to present their outer images only, talking about hobbies. In cases like this, there is depth without much breadth. Fourth, self-disclosure is the key to facilitate relationship development.

When talking with one person over time, someone could make more topics to talk about so the other person will start to open up and express what they feel about the different issues and topics.

Altman and Taylor proposes that there are four major stages in social penetration: This stage is characterized with complete openness, raw honesty and a high degree of spontaneity.

A group is defined as "two or more interdependent individuals who influence one another through social interaction". Self-disclosure is the key to foster intimate relationship, in which individuals can receive needed social supports.

This is applicable when equal intimacy is involved in friendship, romance, attitudes and families. Close friendship and romantic relationship are two major sources for social supports, which have protective effect and play a crucial role in helping individuals with social phobia to cope with distress.

In theory, the more dissimilar two people are, the more difficult or unlikely self-disclosure becomes. Whereas, in certain contexts, self-disclosure does not follow the pattern. A lot of these women involve themselves in groups that are solely made up of only lesbians or groups that are only made up of heterosexual women to avoid their true lesbian identity.

Social penetration theory

The relationship now reaches a plateau in which some of the deepest personal thoughtsbeliefsand values are shared and each can predict the emotional reactions of the other person. In other words, penetration is rapid at the start but slows down quickly as the tightly wrapped inner layers are reached.

As the relational development progresses, wider and more controversial topics such as political views are included in the conversations.

Expertise is positively correlated to both customer and server disclosure. Some scholars explored the arena of company policy making, demonstrating that the effect company policies have on the employees, ranging from slight attitudinal responses such as dissatisfaction to radical behavioral reactions such as conflicts, fights and resignation.

Personality is like a multi-layered onion with public self on the outer layer and private self at the core. This helps the first person to move closer to getting to know the person and how they react to different things. To strengthen the alliance, cultivating a comfortable atmosphere for self-disclosure and self-discovery is important.

For example, some cultures, like the Japanese, value personal privacy more than others. However, those who blog on a personal level have also made a career out of their blogging — there are many who are making money for sharing their lives with the world.

The relationship between breadth and depth can be similar to that used in technology today.Altman is famous for his work with Taylor resulting in the social penetration theory, which generally states that as relationships develop, communication moves from relatively shallow, non-intimate levels to deeper, more personal conversation is pleasant and rewarding, people will offer more information about themselves to each other that.

Social Penetration Theory - Irwin Altman & Dalmas Taylor 1. SOCIAL PENETRATION THEORY Grace Wattimena - Maria Riska - Social Penetration Theory. Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor Altman, I. & Taylor, D. (). Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships.

New York: Holt. Intimacy and Self- Disclosure Social penetration refers to the process of relationship bonding whereby. An Introduction to the Social Penetration Theory; Irvin Altman and Dalmas Taylor.

Social penetration: the development of interpersonal relationships. Irwin Altman, Dalmas Arnold Taylor. Holt, Rinehart and costs role roommates self-disclosure Simmel situation social bond social penetration framework social penetration process social penetration theory social psychology social relationships sonal specific stages.

The social penetration theory (SPT) proposes that, as relationships develop, interpersonal communication moves from relatively shallow, non-intimate levels to deeper, more intimate ones.

The theory was formulated by psychologists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor in to understand relationship development between individuals. Altman .

An introduction to the social penetration theory irvin altman and dalmas taylor
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