An overview of polycystic ovary syndrome essay

The second phase, or ovulation, begins on the 14th day after the follicular phase started. This explains the different clinical manifestations seen in hyperandrogenic women when the degree of hirsutism is not well-matched with the severity of the acne Archer and Chang, In particular, the risk of endometrial cancer may be even higher in the premenopausal subgroup of women with PCOS, while overall the risk of ovarian and breast cancer was not significantly increased.

However, lifestyle modification programs are related to a low compliance and a high dropout rate.

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This syndrome was given the name Stein—Leventhal syndrome after these two physicians for sometime. These environmental factors implicated in PCOS e. Management of the long-term complications The long-term risks observed in women with PCOS are not the same in all PCOS patients but they vary according to different phenotypes and results were negatively affected by obesity and lifestyle factors.

Women seeking help often have faced years of struggle in trying to find answers to their medical conditions. Insulin resistance Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control the amount of sugar in the blood.

It is now recognized as a common complex heterogeneous endocrine disorder in reproductive-age women associated with reproductive, metabolic and psychological features.

Generally, PCOS is a chronic condition that usually begins in adolescence then transitions to include infertility and increase metabolic complications over time.

High levels of insulin stimulate the ovaries to produce too much testosterone, which interferes with the development of the follicles i. Because IR is a common condition in PCOS women, metformin was introduced in clinical practice in the treatment of these patients. This was often unrecognised in adolescence.

Environmental risk factors, such as obesity, seem to amplify genetic predispositions Zhang et al. This includes mental health as PCOS raises the risk for depression and anxiety in some women. Letrozole was usually administered at a dose of 2.

However, the individual susceptibility probably depends on prenatal androgen exposure, genetic factors, ethnic origin and environmental risk factors Zhang et al.

Finally, a combination of 30mg ethinyl estradiol and drospirenone is also advisable. There is also insufficient evidence to evaluate any association of PCOS with vaginal, vulvar, and cervical cancer. Its main advantage is that it does not cause weight gain due to its mild diuretic effects.

There are several other diseases that can mimic many of the same symptoms common to PCOS. Nonetheless, based on the aggregation of cases in families, PCOS is considered a heritable disorder and resembles an autosomal dominant pattern Diamanti-Kandarakis, Kandarakis and Legro, Take our 2-minute PCOS test to determine if you are experiencing the symptoms doctors look for.So, polycystic ovary syndrome remains a diagnosis of exclusion.

There are several other diseases that can mimic many of the same symptoms common to PCOS. Therefore, arriving at a diagnosis can be frustrating for both patients and clinicians, and takes time.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may be the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, occurring in 4–6% of adolescents and 4–12% of adult women.

InStein and Leventhal first reported the association of polycystic ovaries with amenorrhea, hirsutism, and obesity. Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome (PCOS) is an ovulation disorder and infertility that occurs in many women. Polycystic ovaries syndrome dates back to where it was described in a French manuscript as being "changes in the ovaries".

It was called "sclerocystic". Polycystic ovaries syndrome is a problem that occurs in with the ovaries.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease of the female reproductive system, involving the development of multiple cysts covering the ovaries. PCOS impedes normal hormone function, as well as disrupt production processes.

What is PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)?

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome helps contribute to the number one killer of women in the United States, which is coronary heart disease.

Continual high levels of insulin are produced in the pancreas. This it is liberated into the circulatory system. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects women and causes them to have an imbalance of hormones (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, ). According to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Topic Overview (), “It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant.

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An overview of polycystic ovary syndrome essay
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