Deductive research method

Ukranian Translation In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches. Sometimes this is informally called a "top-down" approach. Once the data analysis has been completed the researcher must examine existing theories in order to position their new theory within the discipline.

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Deduction & Induction

Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. It requires extensive and repeated sifting through the data and analysing and re-analysing multiple times in order to identify new theory. Grounded theory is not an approach to be used lightly.

What Is an Inductive Research Approach?

This approach necessitates the researcher beginning with a completely open mind without any preconceived ideas of what will be found. The more data that scientists who use an inductive research method collect, the more likely they are to be able to draw valuable conclusions from it.

For deductive approaches the emphasis is generally on causality, whilst for inductive approaches the aim is usually focused on exploring new phenomena or looking at previously researched phenomena from a different perspective. The scientific method usually involves a hypothesis and then the observation of controlled as well as variable subjects on which a conclusion about the accuracy of the original hypothesis is reached.

However, there are no set rules and some qualitative studies may have a deductive orientation. An example of inductive research is a behavioral study during which sociologists collect information based on behavior and then study the data they collect to determine if there are any correlations that could indicate a pattern or support a universal theory.

It is an approach best suited to research projects where there the phenomena to be investigated has not been previously explored.

Deductive reasoning

One specific inductive approach that is frequently referred to in research literature is grounded theory, pioneered by Glaser and Strauss.

Has this post helped you? Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories. The crux of inductive reasoning is also data and discerning patterns. The aim is to generate a new theory based on the data.

Even in the most constrained experiment, the researchers may observe patterns in the data that lead them to develop new theories. Inductive approaches are generally associated with qualitative research, whilst deductive approaches are more commonly associated with quantitative research.

Full Answer Inductive reasoning is common among the social sciences whereas deductive research is more common in the natural sciences.

It allows researchers to explore multiple ideas before determining which one correlates to a hypothesis. We narrow down even further when we collect observations to address the hypotheses. We might begin with thinking up a theory about our topic of interest. We then narrow that down into more specific hypotheses that we can test.

The primary difference between the two types of research is that inductive research is more flexible in nature. Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses.

Inductive reasoning, by its very nature, is more open-ended and exploratory, especially at the beginning. In inductive reasoning, we begin with specific observations and measures, begin to detect patterns and regularities, formulate some tentative hypotheses that we can explore, and finally end up developing some general conclusions or theories.

Inductive research begins with observation which leads to a larger universal hypothesis. A deductive approach usually begins with a hypothesis, whilst an inductive approach will usually use research questions to narrow the scope of the study.

The most important point to bear in mind when considering whether to use an inductive or deductive approach is firstly the purpose of your research; and secondly the methods that are best suited to either test a hypothesis, explore a new or emerging area within the discipline, or to answer specific research questions.

This ultimately leads us to be able to test the hypotheses with specific data -- a confirmation or not of our original theories.The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.

Compare and Contrast Inductive and Deductive Research Approaches By L. Karen Soiferman that the qualitative research method emerged. Researchers who followed this scientific method Inductive and Deductive Research Approaches. An inductive research approach is one that begins with the final stages of scientific research, typically observation, and works backward to form a hypothesis.

It is the opposite of deductive research. Inductive reasoning is common among the social sciences whereas deductive research is more common. A deductive approach is concerned with “developing a hypothesis (or hypotheses) based on existing theory, and then designing a research strategy to test the hypothesis”[1] It has been stated that “deductive means reasoning from the particular to the general.

If a causal relationship or link.

What Is Deductive Research?

Home» Foundations» Philosophy of Research» Deduction & Induction. Portugese Translation Ukranian Translation. In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches. Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. Sometimes this is informally called a "top-down".

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Deductive research method
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