Define frontier thesis

Historians have noted that John F. Many such critics have sought to replace the idea of a moving frontier with the idea of the West as a distinctive region, much like the American South.

Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two. He proved adept at promoting his ideas and his students, whom he systematically placed in leading universities, including Merle Curti and Marcus Lee Hansen.

They adapted to the new environment in certain ways — the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. In Australia, "mateship" and working together was valued more than individualism was in the United States.

He also commented directly on the connections he saw between the past and the present. Moreover, as the 19th century wore on, the role of the federal Define frontier thesis and large corporations Define frontier thesis increasingly important.

Kennedy in the early s explicitly called upon the ideas of the frontier. Nevertheless, he made it clear that his historical writing was shaped by a contemporary agenda.

My call is to the young in heart, regardless of age — to the stout in spirit, regardless of party. If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed? His The Frontier in American History was a collection of older essays.

In the history of religion, for example, Boles notes that William Warren Sweet at the University of Chicago Divinity Schoolargued that churches adapted to the characteristics of the frontier, creating new denominations such as the Mormonsthe Church of Christthe Disciples of Christand the Cumberland Presbyterians.

He earned his Ph.

Frontier Thesis

He circulated copies of his essays and lectures to important scholars and literary figures, published extensively in highbrow magazines, recycled favorite material, attaining the largest possible audience for key concepts, and wielded considerable influence within the American Historical Association as an officer and advisor for the American Historical Review.

South Africa, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and Australia—and even ancient Rome—had long frontiers that were also settled by pioneers. Turner began his teaching career at the University of Wisconsin in After his graduation from the University of Wisconsin inTurner decided to become a professional historian, and received his Ph.

It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts. In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community. Turner held that the American character was decisively shaped by conditions on the frontier, in particular the abundance of free land, the settling of which engendered such traits as self-reliance, individualisminventiveness, restless energy, mobility, materialism, and optimism.

The follow-up to that study, The United States, — His mother taught school. Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line. It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts. Turner hoped that stability would replace mobility as a defining factor in the development of American society and that communities would become stronger as a result.

Franklin Jameson on numerous major projects. His emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories.


The frontier, they argued, shaped uniquely American institutions such as revivals, camp meetings, and itinerant preaching. This is the great, the nation-wide frontier of insecurity, of human want and fear.

According to Turner, the forging of the unique and rugged American identity had to occur precisely at the juncture between the civilization of settlement and the savagery of wilderness.

How much do Puritan New England and the California of the transcontinental railroad really have in common?

Frederick Jackson Turner

His model of sectionalism as a composite of social forces, such as ethnicity and land ownership, gave historians the tools to use social history as the foundation of all social, economic and political developments in American history.

This is the frontier—the America—we have set ourselves to reclaim.What is the frontier? In the census reports it is treated as the margin of that settlement which has a density of two or more to the square mile.

[F.J. Turner, "The Frontier in American History," ]. FRONTIER THESIS, TURNER'SFRONTIER THESIS, TURNER'S.

Frederick Jackson Turner's "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" is arguably one of the most influential interpretations of the American past ever espoused.

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Source for information on Frontier Thesis, Turner's: Dictionary of American History dictionary. AHA About AHA & Membership AHA History and Archives Historical Archives The Significance of the Frontier in American History. In This Section. Brief History of the AHA; Annual Reports; this is a short version of the essay subsequently published in Turner's essay collection, The Frontier in American History As the frontier has leaped.

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Sep 25,  · Best Answer: The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis is the conclusion of Frederick Jackson Turner that the wellsprings of American exceptionalism and vitality have always been the American frontier, the region between urbanized, civilized society and the untamed wilderness.

In the thesis, the frontier created Status: Resolved. This is the major theme in Turner’s essay and the heart of the frontier thesis. Turner did not define the West as a geographical place or region but as a process, which defined what he looked upon as uniquely American.

According to Turner, the westward expansion had transformed the savage and wild land into a modern civilization. Frontier definition is - a border between two countries. How to use frontier in a sentence.

a border between two countries; a stronghold on a frontier; a region that forms the margin of settled or developed territory.

Define frontier thesis
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