While the Roman rulers organized a state religion  and the emperors took a big part in it, the Han emperors were more secular; they acknowledged the existence of the gods and took part in ceremonies, but were for the most part unconcerned with them .
As historian Samuel Adshead puts it, "Other comparisons could be made It was not until the reign of Ran Min in AD that the Chinese regained control of North China, after which they proceeded to slaughter the barbarians.
Men were expected to be able to create a poem on the spot; a popular drinking game was to do a "rock-paper-scissors" with ancient equivalents Chinese: While in Europe, Huns launched attacks on the German tribes living north of the empire, forcing them to invade the Roman empire.
The Renaissance a thousand years later marked the conscious return to the classical heritage. Bronze galloping horse stepping on top of a flying swallow Chinese: This deficit is only explicable with reference to academic specialization and language barriers". The Han maintained and expanded the massive engineering works of their predecessor Qin.
Economic Economic decline and political instability had impoverished the Empire, which was now dependent on barbarian mercenaries and in a state of constant revolt.
The Roman peasantry and slaves, taxed heavily by the aristocrats, also grew disgruntled. The Colosseum was a state-of-the-art entertainment facility, used most infamously for gladiatorial games in which well-trained men fought, sometimes to the death, for the enjoyment of huge crowds of Roman citizens.
Each social group had well-defined roles. Women in poorer families did not have such luxury and often worked in the fields with their husbands or acted as entertainers.
Although North China again fell in AD, the memory of Ran Min kept the barbarians from reverting to their previous slaughter.
Public entertainment centers stresses the importance public citizens had in Roman life. Social mobility was also relatively great, especially in the military. Many Han officials were appointed based on their ability to write essays explaining Confucian thought and how it applied to the administration of the Empire.
Roman emperors were frequently assassinated and ruled for short periods compared to the Han. Merchants were also a class, but they were subject to controls by the state and often forced to partner with the state, who also took monopolies in salt, steel and wine, further restricting merchants.
The Great Armies of Antiquity.
Once, the Emperor Wu visited the home of an official. Wealthy men often bankrolled artists. The basis of this society were free peasants, who formed the base of the tax revenues of the state and who produced most of the agricultural crop. However, the position was dangerous; out of 22 emperors between Augustus and the third century, 15 died by murder or suicide.
This spanned more thanmileskm of roads, including more than 50, miles 80, km of paved roads. In trials, the Roman elite was better privileged; they received preferential treatment from imperial courts.
During this period, China was divided into a Northern area ruled by non-Han Chinese rulers that were gradually sinicizing, and a southern area ruled by Chinese rulers who were regarded by historians as legitimate.
For the lower classes, the fastest way to advance socially was the army or trade . Although a few rump states continue to exist and the Eastern empire tried several times to reconquer the west, Western Europe was securely in the hands of the barbarians.
Music and entertainment were separated from rituals, with the exception of funeral rites which were taken very seriously. Roman society was a relatively hierarchical society. The Macmillan Co, At the bottom of society were convicts, beggars and slaves, who formed a small part of the population.
Birth was an important indicator of social position. Religion The religion in ancient Rome was much more extensive than the Han religion. The basis of Roman society, as proclaimed by the laws, was the family, headed by a pater familias, who had power over his dependents.
Charles Scribner,A Comparison of the Similarities and Differences Between the Political Structures of the Imperial Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty of China. Economic Features the Han Dynasty One of the aspects that were prominent in the Han dynasty, like the Roman Empire, was the economic features evident in this era.
The economic activities in the dynasty were centered on agriculture and trade.5/5(2). Sep 15, · The Han had arguably reached its military peak during the reign of Han Wudi ( bc to 87 bc) while the Roman empire reached its military peak during the reign of Trajan (98 AD - ).
In relative terms, we'd be comparing the armies of Imperial Prussia at the battle of Sedan, with the armies of Oliver Cromwell. The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty were both powerful influential forces in their heyday.
 This research project compares the economic, social, technological and military situations of the Romans and the Hans. The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty China: A Comparison. Introduction.
The several centuries of success for Han China ( BCE – CE) and the Roman Empire (27 BCE – CE) pinpoint possibilities for comparison in the classical period. The Han dynasty became China’s formative empire, extending Han rule in all directions. The Han relied on conscripted labor and state revenues from state lands, along with a land tax.
The western Han dynasty ( BCE–9 CE) was marked by economic prosperity and expansion of the empire.Download